Reports of United Nations



This Agenda is a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. It also seeks to strengthen universal peace in larger freedom. We recognize that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development.



This edition of Justice Initiatives provides insights into legal empowerment, which is the process of increasing the capacity of ordinary people to exercise their human and civil rights as individuals or as members of a community .



The promotion of human rights and the fight against poverty lie at the very heart of the United Nations mandate. The two goals are closely connected and mutually reinforcing, as recognized in, among others, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action of 1993 and in the Millennium Declaration of 2000.



Twenty years ago, an historic document was adopted in Vienna. It clarified the universality, indivisibility and interdependence of human rights and committed all States to the promotion and protection of all human rights – not just civil and political rights, but economic, social and cultural ones too, including the right to development. 



This study details the lessons emerging from ten case studies across seven countries in Africa, Asia and Central Asia. The analysis of the informal work conditions of the poor and the situations of marginalized communities across national boundaries highlights the need for balanced strategies of empowerment. These strategies require interventions at all levels of government, society and culture. This study attempts to define in some depth, the implications of this finding for policy and programming for sustainable and inclusive development.



As we approach the deadline for the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the five Regional Commissions - Economic Commission for Europe (ECE), Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) - have come together to propose a joint regional perspective on the ongoing global debate on the post-2015 United Nations development agenda 



This report is a response to a request by the United Nations General Assembly for a periodic assessment of progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It was jointly prepared by the League of Arab States, the United Nations organizations members of the Regional Coordination Mechanism (RCM) and the Regional United Nations Development Group for the Arab States, and coordinated by the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)



In 2012, ESCWA sought to adapt and tailor its activities to meet the priority needs of member countries. In addition to undertaking specific projects, ESCWA mobilized a regional knowledge base and prepared country plans upon request. Through those efforts, ESCWA supported member countries in economic development, food security, gender, information and communication technology, the Millennium Development Goals, national dialogue, social development, trade, transport, water and environment, and statistics.



The current transitions taking place across the Arab region carry with them significant uncertainty, particularly on the status of women. At the core of those transitions is the question of participation, in its interrelated civil, political, economic, social and cultural dimensions. New priorities are emerging and old priorities are being revisited as realities change.

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