Understanding the mechanisms

This Fact Sheet provides a general introduction to the core international human rights treaties and the committees, or “treaty bodies”, that monitor their implementation by State parties.

Since 1975, the UN Commission on Human Rights has established a variety of mechanisms designed to improve international protection of human rights, if it is confronted with situations that appear to reveal a consistent pattern of human rights violations.

The Charter of the United Nations (1945) proclaims that one of the purposes of the United Nations is to promote and encourage respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all.

This publication presents the findings of research by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) on national mechanisms for reporting and follow-up.

The current international human rights protection framework empowers individuals worldwide, including those that are the most marginalized and disadvantaged, to claim their rights and seek redress.

The United Nations human rights treaty bodies are at the heart of the human rights protection architecture. Their independence .

Promoting and encouraging universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, 

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